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Multi-domain approach to modeling pantograph-catenary interaction
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AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Robotics, Department of Robotics and Mechatronics, al. A. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Krakow, Poland
Publication date: 2022-03-31
Eksploatacja i Niezawodność – Maintenance and Reliability 2022;24(1):130–139
  • Multi-domain simulation for a pantograph-catenary system has been proposed.
  • Analysis of importance of physical domains included in the model has been performed.
  • Aerodynamics has been identified as the most influential domain in the model.
  • It has been shown that the electromagnetic induction force can be neglected.
When a railway pantograph interacts with a catenary during the movement of a rail vehicle, several physical phenomena, both mechanical and electrical, occur in the system. These phenomena affect the quality of power supply of a train from traction devices. The unfavourable arcing occurring when there are disturbances of contact between the pantograph’s slider and the catenary contact wire. In turn, it results in energy loss and increased wear of the components of the system. When designing new solutions, computational models are helpful to predict the quality of interaction between the components of the pantograph-contact line system already at the virtual prototyping stage. In this paper, the authors comprehensively present a multi-domain (multiphysics) model, which takes into account necessary conditions for interaction between pantograph elements and a catenary. Finally, the impact of the individual physical domains are analysed and the ones which have a significant impact on the simulation of the operation results are identified.
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