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Thermal strength analysis of a steel bolted connection under bolt loss conditions
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West Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Mechatronics, Al. Piastów 19, 70-310 Szczecin, Poland
Publication date: 2022-06-30
Eksploatacja i Niezawodność – Maintenance and Reliability 2022;24(2):269-274
  • FEM-based studies of an asymmetric bolted connection are presented.
  • Six different tensioning orders of the bolts were tested.
  • The failure of selected bolts in a connection loaded with temperature was simulated.
  • The influence of tensioning order on the bolt forces in a damaged connection was probed.
The aim of the paper is to analyse an exemplary bolted connection under the conditions of loss of bearing capacity of some fasteners in the connection. The presented tests are numerical and concern an asymmetric bolted connection. The joined elements in the connection were modelled as 3D finite elements, and the fasteners were treated as hybrid models consisting of rigid heads and nuts, and flexible beams between them. The bolted connection was first preloaded according to six different tensioning orders using a standardised force. After all bolts were tensioned, the selected bolts were removed, simulating bolt damage. The connection was then tested for external loads with temperatures ranging from 20 to 600°C. The influence of loosening the connection on the load in the remaining bolts at the operational stage of the connection was investigated. The calculation results were compared with the test results for a healthy bolted connection. It was shown that the bearing capacity of the connection in the damaged state decreased by 13%.
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