Search for Author, Title, Keyword
Thermal strength analysis of a steel bolted connection under bolt loss conditions
More details
Hide details
West Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Mechatronics, Al. Piastów 19, 70-310 Szczecin, Poland
Publication date: 2022-06-30
Eksploatacja i Niezawodność – Maintenance and Reliability 2022;24(2):269–274
  • FEM-based studies of an asymmetric bolted connection are presented.
  • Six different tensioning orders of the bolts were tested.
  • The failure of selected bolts in a connection loaded with temperature was simulated.
  • The influence of tensioning order on the bolt forces in a damaged connection was probed.
The aim of the paper is to analyse an exemplary bolted connection under the conditions of loss of bearing capacity of some fasteners in the connection. The presented tests are numerical and concern an asymmetric bolted connection. The joined elements in the connection were modelled as 3D finite elements, and the fasteners were treated as hybrid models consisting of rigid heads and nuts, and flexible beams between them. The bolted connection was first preloaded according to six different tensioning orders using a standardised force. After all bolts were tensioned, the selected bolts were removed, simulating bolt damage. The connection was then tested for external loads with temperatures ranging from 20 to 600°C. The influence of loosening the connection on the load in the remaining bolts at the operational stage of the connection was investigated. The calculation results were compared with the test results for a healthy bolted connection. It was shown that the bearing capacity of the connection in the damaged state decreased by 13%.
Abid M, Nash DH, Javed S, Wajid HA. Performance of a gasketed joint under bolt up and combined pressure, axial and thermal loading – FEA study. International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping 2018; 168: 166-173,
Al-Jabri KS, Davison JB, Burgess IW. Performance of beam-to-column joints in fire – A review. Fire Safety Journal 2008; 43(1): 50-62,
Ban H, Yang Q, Shi Y, Luo Z. Constitutive model of high-performance bolts at elevated temperatures. Engineering Structures 2021; 233: 111889,
Buczkowski R, Kleiber M. A study of the surface roughness in elasto-plastic shrink fitted joint. Tribology International 2016; 98: 125-132,
Cai W-Y, Jiang J, Li G-Q, Wang Y-B. Fracture behavior of high-strength bolted steel connections at elevated temperatures. Engineering Structures 2021; 245: 112817,
Chinesta F, Ammar A, Lemarchand F, Beauchene P, Boust F. Alleviating mesh constraints: Model reduction, parallel time integration and high resolution homogenization. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering 2008; 197(5): 400-413,
Dai XH, Wang YC, Bailey CG. Effects of partial fire protection on temperature developments in steel joints protected by intumescent coating. Fire Safety Journal 2009; 44(3): 376-386,
Daniūnas A, Urbonas K. Influence of the semi-rigid bolted steel joints on the frame behaviour. Journal of Civil Engineering and Management 2010; 16(2): 237-241,
Della Corte G, Landolfo R, Mazzolani FM. Post-earthquake fire resistance of moment resisting steel frames. Fire Safety Journal 2003; 38(7): 593-612,
Dovstam K. Augmented Hooke's law based on alternative stress relaxation models. Computational Mechanics 2000; 26(1): 90-103,
El Ghor AH, Hantouche EG, Morovat MA. Review of research on the fire behavior of simple shear connections. Fire Technology 2018; 54: 1149-1169,
El Kalash S, Hantouche E. Mechanical modeling for predicting the axial restraint forces and rotations of steel top and seat angle connections at elevated temperatures. Journal of Structural Fire Engineering 2017; 8(3): 258-286,
Fischer EC, Chicchi R, Choe L. Review of research on the fire behavior of simple shear connections. Fire Technology 2021; 57: 1519-1540,
Grzejda R, Parus A. Experimental studies of the process of tightening an asymmetric multi-bolted connection. IEEE Access 2021; 9: 47372-47379,
Grzejda R, Parus A. Health assessment of a multi-bolted connection due to removing selected bolts. FME Transactions 2021; 49(3): 634-642,
Grzejda R, Parus A, Kwiatkowski K. Experimental studies of an asymmetric multi-bolted connection under monotonic loads. Materials 2021; 14(9): 2353,
Grzesik W. Effect of the machine parts surface topography features on the machine service (in Polish). Mechanik 2015; 88(8-9): 587-593,
Guo Z, Lu N, Zhu F, Gao R. Effect of preloading in high-strength bolts on bolted-connections exposed to fire. Fire Safety Journal 2017; 90: 112-122,
Hantouche EG, Sleiman SA. Response of double angle and shear endplate connections at elevated temperatures. International Journal of Steel Structures 2016; 16(2): 489-504,
Heidarpour A, Bradford MA. Behaviour of a T-stub assembly in steel beam-to-column connections at elevated temperatures. Engineering Structures 2008; 30(10): 2893-2899,
Hu G, Engelhardt M. Studies on the behavior of steel single-plate beam end connections in a fire. Structural Engineering International 2012; 22(4): 462-469,
Hu G, Engelhardt MD. Experimental investigation of steel single plate beam end connections at elevated temperatures. Engineering Structures 2014; 58: 141-151,
Huang S-S, Davison B, Burgess IW. Experiments on reverse-channel connections at elevated temperatures. Engineering Structures 2013; 49: 973-982,
Li Y, Zhao J. Analytical investigation of beam‑to‑column endplate connections at elevated temperatures. International Journal of Steel Structures 2019; 19(2): 398-412,
Lim JBP, Young B. Effects of elevated temperatures on bolted moment-connections between cold-formed steel members. Engineering Structures 2007; 29(10): 2419-2427,
Lochan S, Mehmanparast A, Wintle J. A review of fatigue performance of bolted connections in offshore wind turbines. Procedia Structural Integrity 2019; 17: 276-283,
Nah H-S, Lee H-J, Kim K-S, Kim J-H, Kim W-B. Method for estimating the clamping force of high strength bolts subjected to temperature variation. International Journal of Steel Structures 2009; 9: 123-130,
Nakahara T, Hirohata M, Kondo S, Furuichi T. Paint coating removal by heating for high-strength bolted joints in steel bridge and its influence on bolt axial force. Applied Mechanics 2021; 2(4): 728-738,
Noh M-H, Cerik BC, Han D, Choung J. Lateral impact tests on FH32 grade steel stiffened plates at room and sub-zero temperatures. International Journal of Impact Engineering 2018; 115: 36-47,
Novoselac S, Kozak D, Ergić T, Damjanović D. Fatigue damage assessment of bolted joint under different preload forces and variable amplitude eccentric forces for high reliability. Fracture at all Scales, Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering 2017: 239-268,
O’Connor PDT. Variation in reliability and quality. Quality and Reliability Engineering International 2004; 20(8): 807-821,
Omar R, Abdul Rani MN, Yunus MA. Representation of bolted joints in a structure using finite element modelling and model updating. Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Sciences 2020; 14(3): 7141-7151,
Palenica P, Powałka B, Grzejda R. Assessment of modal parameters of a building structure model. Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics 2016; 181: 319-325,
Pang X-P, Hu Y, Tang S-L, Xiang Z, Wu G, Xu T, Wang X-Q. Physical properties of high-strength bolt materials at elevated temperatures. Results in Physics 2019; 13: 102156,
Petrina T. Steel connections post-earthquake fire tests setup. Procedia Engineering 2016; 161: 133-136,
PN-EN 1993-1-8, 2006. Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures, Part 1–8: Design of joints.
Qiang X, Wu N, Jiang X, Luo Y, Bijlaard F. Experimental and numerical analysis on full high strength steel extended endplate connections in fire. International Journal of Steel Structures 2018; 18(4): 1350-1362,
Rahnavard R, Thomas RJ. Numerical evaluation of the effects of fire on steel connections; Part 1: Simulation techniques. Case Studies in Thermal Engineering 2018; 12: 445-453,
Rahnavard R, Thomas RJ. Numerical evaluation of the effects of fire on steel connections; Part 2: Model results. Case Studies in Thermal Engineering 2019; 13: 100361,
Ranatowski E. Problems of welding in shipbuilding - an analytic-numerical assessment of the thermal cycle in haz with three dimensional heat source models in agreement with modelling rules, Part I: Theoretical basis of modelling and an analytical assessment of heat sources models. Polish Maritime Research 2010; 17(1): 75-79,
Savkin AN. Assessing the reliability of thread joints under variable loads. Journal of Machinery Manufacture and Reliability 2007; 36(4): 336-340,
Schaumann P, Kirsch T. Simulation of a flush endplate connection at elevated temperatures including fracture simulation. Journal of Structural Fire Engineering 2013; 4(2): 103-112.
Seif M, Main J, Weigand J, McAllister TP, Luecke W. Finite element modeling of structural steel component failure at elevated temperatures. Structures 2016; 6: 134-145,
Shaheen MA, Foster ASJ, Cunningham LS, Afshan S. Behaviour of stainless and high strength steel bolt assemblies at elevated temperatures – A review. Fire Safety Journal 2020; 113: 102975,
Shaheen MA, Foster ASJ, Cunningham LS, Afshan S. Selecting suitable bolt parameters to achieve ductility at elevated temperatures. Ce/papers 2021; 4(2-4): 1191-1195,
Spyrou S, Davison JB, Burgess IW, Plank RJ. Experimental and analytical investigation of the ‘compression zone’ component within a steel joint at elevated temperatures. Journal of Constructional Steel Research 2004; 60(6): 841-865,
Stranghöner N, Lorenz C, Feldmann M, Citarelli S, Bleck W, Münstermann S, Brinnel V. Brittle fracture of high-strength bolts of large diameters at low temperatures (in German). Stahlbau 2018; 87(1): 17-29,
Tartaglia R, D’Aniello M, Wald F. Behaviour of seismically damaged extended stiffened end-plate joints at elevated temperature. Engineering Structures 2021; 247: 113193,
Towarnicki P, Grzejda R. Analysis of the impact of temperature load on the state of stress in a bolted flange connection. Proc. of the 2018 International Interdisciplinary PhD Workshop, IEEE Conferences 2018: 96-98,
Truong DD, Jung H-J, Shin HK, Cho S-R. Response of low-temperature steel beams subjected to single and repeated lateral impacts. International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering 2018; 10(6): 670-682,
Tu Y, Huang Y-K, Tu S-T. Real-time monitoring of bolt clamping force at high temperatures using metal-packaged regenerated fiber Bragg grating sensors. International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping 2019; 172: 119-126,
Wang G, Ding Y. The interface friction in the friction-type bolted joint of steel truss bridge: Case study. The Baltic Journal of Road and Bridge Engineering 2020; 15(1): 187-210,
Wang H, Hu Y, Wang X-Q, Tao Z, Tang S-L, Pang X-P, Chen YF. Behaviour of austenitic stainless steel bolts at elevated temperatures. Engineering Structures 2021; 235: 111973,
Wang M, Wang P. Strategies to increase the robustness of endplate beam–column connections in fire. Journal of Constructional Steel Research 2013; 80: 109-120,
Wang P, You Y, Liu M, Zhang B, Zhou S, Chen J. Behavior of thread-fixed one-side bolted T-stubs with backing plates at ambient and elevated temperatures. Journal of Constructional Steel Research 2020; 170: 106093,
Wang P, Zhang L, Wang L. Influence of temperature on the bolt loads and variation in a bolted flange for subsea pipeline connection. Mathematical Problems in Engineering 2021; 2021: 5636941,
Wang YC, Dai XH, Bailey CG. An experimental study of relative structural fire behaviour and robustness of different types of steel joint in restrained steel frames. Journal of Constructional Steel Research 2011; 67(7): 1149-1163,
Xie B, Hou J, Xu Z, Dan M. Component-based model of fin plate connections exposed to fire - part II: Establishing of the component-based model. Journal of Constructional Steel Research 2018; 145: 218-231,
Xu J, Wang J, Mohamed HS, Han J, Han Z, Tu J, Li Z. Post-earthquake fire resistance of bolted end-plate connection joint with end-plate and web stiffeners. Journal of Constructional Steel Research 2021; 185: 106835,
Yahyai M, Rezaeian A. Behavior of beams in bolted column-tree frames at elevated temperature. Fire and Materials 2016; 40(3): 482-497,
Yang K-C, Chen S-J, Ho M-C. Behavior of beam-to-column moment connections under fire load. Journal of Constructional Steel Research 2009; 65(7): 1520-1527,
You Y, Liu M, Liu Y, Wang P, Zhou S, Chen J. Experimental studies on thread-fixed one-side bolted T-stubs in tension at elevated temperatures. Journal of Constructional Steel Research 2020; 171: 106139,
Yu H, Burgess IW, Davison JB, Plank RJ. Experimental investigation of the behaviour of fin plate connections in fire. Journal of Constructional Steel Research 2009; 65(3): 723-736,
Coatings in Industry Research Methods—A Short Review
Andrzej Borawski
Load Eccentricity of Compressed Composite Z-Columns in Non-Linear State
Pawel Wysmulski
Dynamic Range Compression of Thermograms for Assessment of Welded Joint Face Quality
Wojciech Jamrozik, Jacek Górka, Gilmar Batalha
Composites in Vehicles Brake Systems-Selected Issues and Areas of Development
Andrzej Borawski, Grzegorz Mieczkowski, Dariusz Szpica
Numerical Investigation of the Variability of Bolt Forces in a Preloaded Asymmetric Multi-Bolted Connection under Cyclical Loading
Rafał Grzejda
Experimental Investigation on the Corrosion Detectability of A36 Low Carbon Steel by the Method of Phased Array Corrosion Mapping
Jan Tai, Rafał Grzejda, Mohamed Sultan, Andrzej Łukaszewicz, Farah Shahar, Wojciech Tarasiuk, Arkadiusz Rychlik
Analysis of X5CrNi18-10 (AISI 304) Steel Susceptibility to Hot Cracking in Welded Joints Based on Determining the Range of High-Temperature Brittleness and the Nil-Strength Temperature
Sławomir Krajewski, Wojciech Gutsche, Kamil Urbanowicz
Modern Methods for Modelling Bolted Joints at the Assembly Stage – A Systematic Review
Rafał Grzejda
Engineering World
Experimental and Numerical Investigations of an Asymmetric Multi-Bolted Connection Preloaded and Subjected to Monotonic Loads
R. Grzejda, K. Kwiatkowski, A. Parus
International Applied Mechanics