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Strength analysis of welded joints in support structures of heavy machinery subjected to changeable loading conditions
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Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Wroclaw University of Science and Technology, Poland
These authors had equal contribution to this work
Submission date: 2023-09-15
Final revision date: 2023-10-11
Acceptance date: 2023-11-26
Online publication date: 2023-11-29
Publication date: 2023-11-29
Corresponding author
Piotr Sokolski   

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Wroclaw University of Science and Technology, Wybrzeze Wyspianskiego, 50-370, Wroclaw, Poland
Eksploatacja i Niezawodność – Maintenance and Reliability 2024;26(1):175889
  • The impact of rotation node degradation of BWEs on welded joints' stresses was analysed.
  • Models for stress analysis in welded joints bucket wheel excavators were built.
  • The applied method is useful for assessing welded joints exposed to variable loads.
The durability of bearing units of large machines depends mainly on the condition of their welded joints. With this in mind, we developed numerical models of the analyzed bearing units, for which we performed FEM simulations of the stresses in welded joints in several basic load cases. In each of the respective variants the technical condition of the bearing nodes was different and it corresponded to the severity of the degradation processes. Different positions of the superstructure in relation to the undercarriage were also taken into account. The simulations used the hot-spot method dedicated to FEM analyses of complex welded structures. We discovered that the loads have a significant influence on the values and distribution of von Mises principal stresses and their axial components. Based on the carried out analyses, we identified the most unfavorable load cases that generate the highest stresses in the welded joints of the assessed nodes. We also demonstrated that the applied method effectively assesses the stresses of welded joints subjected to variable working loads.
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