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Double Layered Priority based Gray Wolf Algorithm (PrGWO-SK) for safety management in IoT network through anomaly detection
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Online publication date: 2022-09-05
Publication date: 2022-09-05
Eksploatacja i Niezawodność – Maintenance and Reliability 2022;24(4):641–654
  • Proposed swarm intelligent based PrGWO resulting in optimal feature set.
  • Contributed by improving classification of individual classes present in datasets.
  • Overall the accuracy improved for two of the datasets, with third very close to best.
  • Proposed new fitness function resulting in inclusive performance measurement.
For mitigating and managing risk failures due to Internet of Things (IoT) attacks, many Machine Learning (ML) and Deep Learning (DL) solutions have been used to detect attacks but mostly suffer from the problem of high dimensionality. The problem is even more acute for resource starved IoT nodes to work with high dimension data. Motivated by this problem, in the present work a priority based Gray Wolf Optimizer is proposed for effectively reducing the input feature vector of the dataset. At each iteration all the wolves leverage the relative importance of their leader wolves’ position vector for updating their own positions. Also, a new inclusive fitness function is hereby proposed which incorporates all the important quality metrics along with the accuracy measure. In a first, SVM is used to initialize the proposed PrGWO population and kNN is used as the fitness wrapper technique. The proposed approach is tested on NSL-KDD, DS2OS and BoTIoT datasets and the best accuracies are found to be 99.60%, 99.71% and 99.97% with number of features as 12,6 and 9 respectively which are better than most of the existing algorithms.