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Analysis and prediction of leak detection in the low-pressure heat treatment of metal equipment
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Online publication date: 2022-09-30
Publication date: 2022-09-30
Eksploatacja i Niezawodność – Maintenance and Reliability 2022;24(4):719-727
  • The infiltration method is not effective in predicting furnace leaks.
  • The prediction of furnace leaks is possible with the help of a Lambda probe.
  • Artificial neural networks are useful in predicting furnace leaks.
  • The predictive furnace leak detection model can be used on-line.
The low-pressure heat treatment of metals enables the continuous improvement of the mechanical and plastic properties of products, such as hardness, abrasion resistance, etc. A significant problem related to the operation of vacuum furnaces for heat treatment is that they become unsealed during operation, resulting from the degradation of seals or the thermal expansion of the construction materials. Therefore, research was undertaken to develop a prediction model for detecting leaks in vacuum furnaces, the use of which will reduce the risk of degradation in the charge being processed. Unique experimental studies were carried out to detect leakages in a vacuum pit furnace, simulated using the ENV 116 reference slot. As a consequence, a prediction model for the detection of leaks in vacuum furnaces- which are used in the heat treatment of metals- was designed, using an artificial neural network. (93% for MLP 15-10-1) was developed. The model was implemented in a predictive maintenance system, in a real production company, as an element in the monitoring of the operation of vacuum furnaces.
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