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Effect of the shot peening on surface properties of Ti-6Al-4V alloy produced by means of DMLS technology
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Centre of Oncology of the Lublin Region St. John of Dukla, Department of General Surgery, ul. dr K. Jaczewskiego 7, 20-090 Lublin, Poland
Department of Materials Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Lublin University of Technology, ul. Nadbystrzycka 36; 20-618 Lublin, Poland
Department of Technology and Polymer Processing, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Lublin University of Technology, ul. Nadbystrzycka 36; 20-618 lublin, Poland
Publication date: 2019-03-31
Eksploatacja i Niezawodność – Maintenance and Reliability 2019;21(1):46-53
The state of the surface layer and biocompatibility are the key parameters contributing to successful implantation of prostheses such as bone implants which are now increasingly often produced by means of DMLS technologies. The analysis of these factors and proper selection of material are required in order to determine the most favourable technological parameters contributing to long term functioning in course of their presence in human body. Therefore, the purpose of the present paper is to investigate the effect of shot peening on the state of the surface layer and corrosion resistance of specimens made of Ti-6Al-4V titanium alloy produced in Direct Metal Laser Sintering (DMLS) process. The specimens have been produced by means of EOSINT M280 system dedicated for laser sintering of metal powders and their surfaces have been subjected to the shot peening process under three different working pressures (0.2, 0.3 and 0.4 MPa) and by means of three different media i.e. CrNi steel shot, crushed nut shells and ceramic balls based on ZrO2. It has been found that the process conditions i.e. working pressure in course of shot peening and proper selection of applied shot will make it possible to achieve the properties in modified material sufficient to ensure that assumed functions associated with the improvement of surface layer condition are invariable during required period in specified implant operation conditions. In such case, these factors have been determined in course of microhardness tests, evaluation of surface development degree as well as potentiodynamic tests. The increase of working pressure caused deteriorated corrosion resistance. Simultaneously, it has been found the corrosion resistance was most satisfactory for the surfaces modified by means of: ceramic balls based on ZrO2 > crushed nut shells > CrNi steel shot correspondingly.
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