Search for Author, Title, Keyword
Assessment of disc brake vibration in rail vehicle operation on the basis of brake stand
More details
Hide details
Poznan University of Technology, Institute of Transport, ul. Piotrowo 3, 60-965 Poznan, Poland
DB Systemtechnik GmbH, Adlergestell 143, 12439 Berlin, Germany
Publication date: 2021-06-30
Eksploatacja i Niezawodność – Maintenance and Reliability 2021;23(2):221–230
  • In the operation of a disc brake, the geometry of the system changes with the wear of the pads.
  • The lever system is characterized by an uneven distribution of masses on the right and left side of the disc.
  • There is a difference in the vibroacoustic signals of the right and left brake pads.
  • The heavier side of the system shows greater friction in the joints and a reduction in pad vibration.
  • The non-uniform vibrations of the friction pads indicate a disturbance in the braking process.
The scientific aim of the article is to present the relationship between the vibroacoustic signals of the right and left friction pad during braking, depending on the mass distribution, as an element of the lever system. This article presents the results of tests of a railway disc brake in the scope of vibrations generated by pads in various states of wear located on both sides of the brake disc. The tests were carried out on the brake stand using the vibroacoustic method including the analysis of amplitudes and frequencies and the thermal imaging method. Special attention was paid to the analysis of the classic lever mechanism as a multimass system influencing the thermo-mechanical characteristics and vibrations of the pads on the right and left side of the brake disc. Uneven mass distribution of the system translates into uneven wear of the friction components. The scientific aim of this paper is to present the relation between vibroacoustic signals of the right and left friction pad during braking depending on the mass distribution of the lever system component.
Babishin V, Taghipour S. An algorithm for estimating the effect of maintenance on aggregated covariates with application to railway switch point machines. Eksploatacja i Niezawodnosc - Maintenance and Reliability 2019; 21(4): 619-630,
Bowden FP, Leben L. The nature of sliding and the analysis of friction. Royal Society of London Proceedings Series A Mathematics Physics and Engineering Science 1939; 169: 371-391,
Brooks PC, Crolla DA, Lang AM, Schafer DR. Eigenvalue sensitivity analysis applied to disc brake squeal. In: Braking of Road Vehicles. Bury St. Edmunds, England: Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Mechanical Engineering Publications Limited, 1993: 135-143.
Earles SWE, Chambers PW. Disc brake squeal noise generation: predicting its dependency on system parameters including damping. International Journal of Vehicle Design 1987; 8: 538-552.
European Standard EN 14535-3:2015. Railway applications - Brake discs for railway rolling stock - Part 3: Brake discs, performance of the disc and the friction couple, classification: 12-16.
European Standard EN 14535-1:2005. Railway applications - Brake discs for railway rolling stock - Part 1: Brake discs pressed or shrunk onto the axle or drive shaft, dimensions and quality requirements: 22-23.
Fosberry RAC, Holubecki A. Disc brake squeal: its mechanism and suppression. Technical Report. Motor Industry Research Association 1961; 1: 34-36.
Ghazaly NM, El-Sharkawy M, Ahmed I. A Review of Automotive Brake Squeal Mechanisms. Journal of Mechanical Design and Vibration 2013; 1(1): 5-9.
Gill A, Kadziński A. The determination procedure of the onset of the object wear-out period based on monitoring of the empirical failure intensity function. Eksploatacja i Niezawodnosc - Maintenance and Reliability 2015; 17(2): 282-287,
Glowacz A, Glowacz W, Kozik J, Piech K, Gutten M, Caesarendra W, Liu H, Brumercik F, Irfan M, Khan F. Detection of Deterioration of Three-phase Induction Motor using Vibration Signals. Measurement Science Review 2019; 19(6): 241-249,
Glowacz A. Fault diagnosis of electric impact drills using thermal imaging. Measurement 2021; 171: 1-11,
Glowacz A. Acoustic fault analysis of three commutator motors. Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing 2019; 133: 1-17,
Hu Y, Wang S, Ai X. Research of the Vibration Source Tracking in Phase-Sensitive Optical Time-Domain Reflectometry Signals Based by Image Processing Method. Algorithms 2018; 11(8): 1-16,
Jarvis RP, Mills B. Vibrations induced by friction. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers 1963; 178(32): 847-857,
Kinkaid NM, O'Reilly OM, Papadopoulos P. Automotive disc brake squeal. Journal of Sound and Vibration 2003; 267: 105-166,
Konowrocki R, Chojnacki A. Analysis of rail vehicles' operational reliability in the aspect of safety against derailment based on various methods of determining the assessment criterion. Eksploatacja i Niezawodnosc - Maintenance and Reliability 2020; 22(1): 73-85,
Lang AM, Smales H. An approach to the solution of disc brake vibration problems. in: Braking of Road Vehicles. Automobile Division of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Suffolk: Mechanical Engineering Publications Limited 1993: 223-231.
Meierhofer A, Hardwick C, Lewis R, Six K, Dietmaier P. Third body layer-expermental results and a model describing its influence on the traction coefficient. Wear 2014; 314: 148-154,
Merkisz J, Rymaniak Ł. The assessment of vehicle exhaust emissions referred to CO2 based on the investigations of city buses under actual conditions of operation. Eksploatacja i Niezawodnosc - Maintenance and Reliability 2017; 19(4): 522-529,
Millner N. An analysis of disc brake squeal. Technical Report 780332, SAE 1978: 22-24,
Mills HR. Brake squeak. Technical Report 9000 B, Institution of Automobile Engineers 1938: 13-17.
Murakami H, Tsunada N, Kitamura T. A study concerned with a mechanism of disc-brake squeal. SAE Transactions 1984: 93(5): 604-616,
North MR. Disc brake squeal, in: Braking of Road Vehicles. London: Automobile Division of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Mechanical Engineering Publications Limited 1976: 169-176.
Qu Y, Xie F, Su H, Meng G. Numerical analysis of stick-slip induced nonlinear vibration and acoustic responses of composite laminated plates with friction boundaries. Composite Structures 2021; 258: 1-12,
Rudolph M, Popp K. The Influence of Contact Properties on Friction-Induced Brake Vibrations. Proceedings of the 3rd Contact Mechanics International Symposium 2001: 125-132,
Rudolph M, Popp K. Brake squeal. In: Popp K. (Ed.), Detection, Utilization and Avoidance of Nonlinear Dynamical Effects in Engineering Applications. Final Report of a Join Research Sponsored by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research, Shaker, Aachen 2001: 197-225.
Saumweber E. Auslegung und Leistungsgrenzen von Scheibenbremsen. ZEV-Glasses Annalen 1988; 112(4): 139-143.
Sawczuk W. Application of selected frequency characteristics of vibration signal for the evaluation of the braking process for railway disc brake. Diagnostyka 2015; 16(3): 33-38.
Sawczuk W. Application of vibroacoustic diagnostics to evaluation of wear of friction pads rail brake disc. Eksploatacja i Niezawodnosc - Maintenance and Reliability 2016; 18(4): 565-571,
Sawczuk W, Szymański GM. Diagnostics of the railway friction disc brake based on the analysis of the vibration signals in terms of resonant frequency. Archive of Applied Mechanics 2016; 86: 1-15.
Selech J, Andrzejczak K. An aggregate criterion for selecting a distribution for times to failure of components of rail vehicles. Eksploatacja i Niezawodnosc - Maintenance and Reliability, 2020; 22(1): 102-111,
Shen X, Lu L, Zeng D. Fatigue failure analysis of high strength bolts used for high-speed railway vehicle braking discs. Engineering Failure Analysis 2020; 115: 1-16,
Shi LB, Wang F, Ma L, Liu QY, Guo J, Wang WJ. Study of the friction and vibration characteristics of the braking disc/pad interface under dry and wet conditions. Tribology International 2018; 127: 553-544,
Sinclair D. Frictional vibrations. Transactions of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Journal of Applied Mechanics 1955; 77: 207-213.
Singh S, Kumar R. Evaluation of human error probability of disc brake unit assembly and wheel set maintenance of Railway Bogie. Procedia Manufacturing 2015; 3: 3041-3048,
Sinou JJ, Thouverez F, Jezequel L. Analysis of friction and instability by the centre manifoldtheory for a non-linear sprag-slip model. Journal of Sound and Vibration 2003; 265: 527-559,
Spurr RT. A theory of brake squeal. Proceedings of the Automobile Division. Institution of Mechanical Engineers 1961-1962; (1): 33-52,
Szymański GM, Tomaszewski F. Diagnostic of automatic compensators of valve clearance in combustion engine with the use of vibration signal. Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing 2016; 68-69: 479-490,
Świderski A, Borucka A, Jacyna-Gołda I, Szczepański E. Wear of brake system components in various operating conditions of vehicle in the transport company. Eksploatacja i Niezawodnosc - Maintenance and Reliability 2019; 21(1): 1-9,
Tan Y, Zhang H, Zhou Y. A Simple-to-Implement Fault Diagnosis Method for Open Switch Fault in Wind System PMSG Drives without Threshold Setting. Energies 2018; 11(10): 1-18,
Triches M, Gerges SNY, Jordan R. Analysys of brake squale noise using finite element method. Applied Acoustic 2008; 69(2): 147-162,
UIC Code 541-3: Brakes - Disc brakes and their application - General conditions for the approval of brake pads. 7th edition, January 2010.
Wang XC, Huang B, Wang RL, Mo JL, Ouyang H. Friction-induced stick-slip vibration and its experimental validation. Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing 2020; 142: 2-21,
Zhao X, Gräbner N, Wagner U. Avoiding creep groan: Investigation on active suppression of stick-slip limit cycle vibrations in an automotive disk brake via piezoceramic actuators. Journal of Sound and Vibration 2019; 441: 174-186,
Investigation and Modelling of the Weight Wear of Friction Pads of a Railway Disc Brake
Wojciech Sawczuk, Agnieszka Merkisz-Guranowska, Dariusz Ulbrich, Jakub Kowalczyk, Armando-Miguel Cañás
New approach to brake pad wear modelling based on test stand friction-mechanical investigations
Wojciech Sawczuk, Agnieszka Merkisz-Guranowska, Cañás Rilo, Sławomir Kołodziejski
Eksploatacja i Niezawodnosc - Maintenance and Reliability
Tribological Properties of Laminate Composite Brake Material for High-Speed Trains
Xinhao Zhang, Peng Tao, Yuying Wen, Xiaolu Zhang, Youyuan Zhang, Weiguang Zhong, Qingzhi Yan
Tribology Transactions
Application of Gas Dissolved in Fuel in the Aspect of a Hypocycloidal Pump Design
Maciej Bajerlein, Wojciech Karpiuk, Rafał Smolec
Multiobjective optimization of internal and surface structure of high-speed and heavy-duty brake disc
Jian Yin, Qiang Hao, Yu Liu, Shengfang Zhang, Zhihua Sha
Advances in Mechanical Engineering
Evaluation of weight wear of disc brake pads after test stands
Wojciech Sawczuk, Cañás Rilo, Sławomir Kołodziejski
Rail Vehicles/Pojazdy Szynowe