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A spare parts criticality evaluation method based on fuzzy AHP and Taguchi loss functions
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Department of Industrial Engineering Manisa Celal Bayar University Şehit Prof. Dr. İlhan Varank Campus 45140 Manisa, Turkey
Publication date: 2019-03-31
Eksploatacja i Niezawodność – Maintenance and Reliability 2019;21(1):145-152
Effective and efficient operation of a manufacturing system highly depends on the timely and correct implementation of maintenance operations. One of the most important factors affecting the successful implementation of maintenance operations is the determination of suitable inventory control policies for maintenance spare parts. Effective spare parts inventory management requires the criticality evaluation of spare parts. In this study, a novel spare parts criticality evaluation approach is proposed. First, the evaluation criteria are determined based on literature review and expert opinion and Fuzzy Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) is used to determine the criteria weights. Next, Taguchi loss functions and simulation modeling are employed for the calculation of loss values for the spare parts. Finally, a criticality ranking of the spare parts is obtained based on the weighted loss values which are calculated using criteria weights and loss values. The applicability of the proposed approach was tested by applying it to a spare part criticality evaluation problem faced by a manufacturing company.
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