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The failure analysis of the drilling rig hoisting steel wire rope
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Faculty of Mining, Ecology, Process Control and Geotechnology, Technical University of Kosice, Park Komenskeho 14, 042 00 Kosice, Slovak Republic
Institute of Materials Research, Slovak Academy of Science, Watsonova 47, 040 01 Košice, Slovak Republic
Publication date: 2020-12-31
Eksploatacja i Niezawodność – Maintenance and Reliability 2020;22(4):667–675
  • Use of ropes in systems with lower safety level.
  • Added energy absorbed by non-slipped rope length indicates degree of rope fatigue.
  • Failure in following of rules stated for rope pulling causes rapid rope fatigue.
  • Monitoring of rope condition by NDT and by evaluation of ton-kilometres.
Drilling rigs belong to the lowest-safety level of hoisting rope systems. The valid regulation for drilling permits the usage of steel ropes on condition that their permanent safety does not decrease under the value 2.5. Considerable dynamic and cyclic stresses, abrasion and corrosive environment generated during the operation cause rapid fatigue and rope damage. The stress of the rope in operation leads to the specific precautions ensuring the safety rope work. The specific precautions include monitoring of the rope tractive work measured in tonne-kilometres (ton-kilometres services). The working part of the hoisting ropes of the drilling rigs - after the stated number of tonne kilometres was worked off - is slipped and a regular non-destructive rope test (NDT) is recommended. Rope under sizing, failing in rope slipping program and non- implementation of NDT controls led to the situations endangering the drilling crew safety. After the critical situations the operator decided to perform the analysis of the condition of all ropes.
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