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Experimental study and modelling of an air-cooled proton exchange membrane fuel cell stack in the static and dynamic performance
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Poznan University of Technology, Poland
These authors had equal contribution to this work
Submission date: 2023-12-01
Final revision date: 2024-01-25
Acceptance date: 2024-02-18
Online publication date: 2024-03-01
Publication date: 2024-03-01
Corresponding author
Ireneusz Pielecha   

Poznan University of Technology, Piotrowo 3 street, 60-965, Poznań, Poland
Eksploatacja i Niezawodność – Maintenance and Reliability 2024;26(2):184232
  • Fuel Cell Stack Under Static and Dynamic Load.
  • Sankey Diagram Analysis for Fuel Cell Stack.
  • Higher Efficiency of a Static Load Condition Fuel Cell Stack.
  • Modeling of Fuel Cell Loading under Static and Dynamic Conditions.
  • Better Accuracy of Models for Static Loading Conditions.
Research on Proton Exchange Membrane fuel cells is an important area in the field of modern energy sources. Such fuel cells are characterized by high efficiency and fast response times, making them a promising solution for sustainable energy production. Fuel cells operate under both static and dynamic conditions. Such varying operating conditions result in achieving different efficiency of fuel cell systems. This study attempts an experimental and modeled efficiency evaluation of a 1.2 kW open-cathode air-cooled fuel cell stack under static and dynamic conditions. A Sankey energy balance and an analysis of the balance components were determined for the fuel cell stack operating in these two operating states. Simultaneous modeling of the fuel cell under both static and dynamic conditions was carried out. The efficiency values of the fuel cell stack were found to be slightly higher under static conditions than under dynamic conditions. Modeling fuel cells in static and dynamic conditions results in slightly different parameters (better conformance was obtained for static models).
This work was supported by the statutory work 0451/SBAD/0342 and 0451/SBAD/0343 (Poznan University of Technology).
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